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HomeHealthTherapeutic Approaches in Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

Therapeutic Approaches in Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

The pelvic floor, comprised of a complex weave of muscles, ligaments, and tissues, is vital for a host of bodily tasks, such as upholding pelvic organs and ensuring continence. When its function is compromised, it can give rise to issues from incontinence to persistent pelvic discomfort. Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Sherwood Park emerges as a vital discipline dedicated to addressing and treating such issues. Centers like Emerald Hills Physiotherapy Sherwood Park have become reliable in providing specialized care in this area, employing various therapeutic approaches to ensure holistic recovery.

Understanding Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Before delving into therapeutic modalities, it’s essential to grasp the implications of pelvic floor dysfunction. Symptoms might manifest as:

  • Urinary or fecal incontinence
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Constipation or bowel strain
  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Heavy Feeling in the Pelvis
  • Painful Menstruation

Recognizing distinct symptoms and grasping their consequences can steer both the individual and the physiotherapist to refine therapeutic strategies. Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy aims to resolve these concerns, diminishing symptoms and elevating the overall well-being of the patient.

Key Therapeutic Approaches in Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

  • Manual Therapy: This hands-on technique is employed by physiotherapists to assess and treat musculoskeletal conditions related to the pelvic floor. Techniques may include soft tissue mobilization, trigger point release, and joint mobilization, all aimed at alleviating pain and restoring function.
  • Biofeedback: An instrumental technique, biofeedback helps patients understand and visualize the activity of their pelvic muscles. By using sensors, physiotherapists can provide real-time feedback, helping patients learn how to contract and relax these muscles correctly.
  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Commonly known as Kegel routines, these specialized exercises focus on fortifying the pelvic floor muscles. With accurate and regular execution, they hold the potential to mitigate issues like incontinence and pelvic organ descent.
  • Electrical Stimulation: For patients who have difficulty contracting their pelvic muscles, electrical stimulation can be beneficial. By delivering mild electrical currents, this method prompts muscle contraction, aiding in strengthening and re-educating the pelvic floor muscles.
  • Functional Training: This involves training the pelvic floor muscles to function properly during daily activities, such as coughing, lifting, or standing, thereby preventing unwanted symptoms during these actions.
  • Relaxation Techniques: Pelvic pain, especially related to muscle tension, can be addressed through relaxation exercises. Techniques such as deep breathing and guided imagery can assist in relieving muscle spasms and tension in the pelvic region.
  • Strength Training: Like other muscles, the pelvic floor can benefit from targeted strengthening exercises. This often involves Kegel exercises but with a focus on both the strength and endurance of muscle contractions.
  • Postural Training: Proper posture can significantly influence pelvic floor function. Therapists often guide patients in achieving and maintaining postures that support and alleviate stress on the pelvic floor.
  • Breathing Exercises: Diaphragmatic breathing techniques can help in relaxing the pelvic floor muscles and can also aid in coordinating muscle activity during various tasks.
  • Therapeutic Ultrasound: While not always used, some physiotherapists may employ therapeutic ultrasound to promote tissue healing and reduce muscle spasms or pain in the pelvic region.
  • Dilator Therapy: For patients who experience pain during intercourse due to muscle tightness, graduated dilator sets can be used to facilitate the gentle stretching of the vaginal muscles over time.
  • Education and Lifestyle Modifications: Alongside direct therapeutic approaches, physiotherapists place significant emphasis on educating patients. Understanding the anatomy, avoiding bladder irritants, and learning proper lifting techniques are some aspects covered.

Benefits of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

Beyond the direct alleviation of symptoms, pelvic floor physiotherapy offers several additional benefits:

  • Enhanced Body Awareness: Undergoing therapy can lead patients to develop a heightened awareness of their body, particularly the pelvic region. This enhanced proprioception can aid in the early detection of issues and more effective self-management.
  • Improved Confidence: Successfully managing and alleviating symptoms can lead to a significant boost in self-confidence, especially in activities or situations that were previously problematic due to pelvic floor dysfunction.
  • Better Sexual Health: For many, Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy can enhance sexual function and pleasure by addressing pain, improving muscle control, and restoring tissue health.
  • Holistic Healing: Addressing pelvic health often has positive cascading effects on other bodily functions. Improved bladder and bowel function can lead to better digestive health, reduced UTIs, and an overall sense of wellness.
  • Stress Reduction: Chronic pain or discomfort, frequent urges, and other symptoms can be sources of daily stress. By mitigating these symptoms, therapy can lead to a significant reduction in daily stress and anxiety levels.
  • Optimized Physical Performance: For athletes and fitness enthusiasts, a functional pelvic floor can enhance stability, core strength, and performance. Therapeutic exercises can, therefore, contribute to optimized workouts and reduced risk of injury.
  • Prevention of Future Complications: Routine exercises and care of the pelvic floor can stave off the return of problems and lessen future complication risks, particularly with advancing age.
  • Enhanced Pregnancy and Postpartum Recovery: Pelvic floor therapeutic interventions can assist expecting or post-delivery individuals in facilitating smoother childbirth and faster recovery, diminishing the potential for issues such as organ descent or incontinence.


Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Sherwood Park is an evolving and essential discipline, addressing concerns that, while common, often remain under-discussed. Through a combination of manual techniques, technological interventions, and patient education, it offers a path to recovery and improved quality of life. Institutions like Emerald Hills Physiotherapy Sherwood Park play an invaluable role in this journey, championing holistic care and ensuring that patients can reclaim their well-being and confidence.